The part of the eye responsible for supplying blood is the uvea. Uveitis in dogs is a condition that occurs when either the front or back of the uvea becomes inflamed. This will cause a buildup of proteins and the eye will start becoming cloudy.
Canine uveitis has many different causes. Trauma directly to the eye is one of the most common. Cataracts, bacterial and fungal infections, and diseases like Lyme disease or Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever have been known to cause the condition as well.
As mentioned, the eye will start becoming cloudy when the uvea is inflamed. Redness also develops, and the eyes will produce tears in an attempt to get rid of it. The pupils of the eyes may also become affected. If dogs are exposed to bright light, then they’ll likely start squinting. Some cases also lead to loss of vision or occasional bleeding in the eye.
It is very important that uveitis in dogs be treated quickly. Untreated cases can easily lead to the development of cataracts then glaucoma. The tissue inside the eyes may also become scarred permanently. The vet may start off by taking a close look at the interior of the eye using an ophthalmoscope.
He may even need to take a needle aspirate from the eye and examine it under a microscope. Since canine uveitis can be brought on by infectious organisms like bacteria and fungi, tests to check for their presence may be required.
Once the underlying cause of dog uveitis has been found, it will be treated medically. In the meantime, your dog will be helped by taking medications to reduce eye pain and inflammation. To keep glaucoma and eye infections at bay, antibiotics may also be prescribed.